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中国的素质教育到底难在哪里?

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发表于 2010-12-15 10:05:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
 实施素质教育是立法了的。教育的主要任务和功能是提高全民族的素质。素质教育就是要全面贯彻教育方针,全面提高教育质量,面向全体学生,为国家培养社会主义建设者和接班人。

 《中华人民共和国教育法》规定了我们的教育方针是:“教育必须为社会主义现代化建设服务,必须与生产劳动相结合,培养德、智、体等方面全面发展的社会主义事业的建设者和接班人。 ”

  实施素质教育是贯彻执行教育方针的最科学最有力措施。学校工作,育人为本,全面发展,德育为首,首先教育孩子学会做人,学会生存,发展学生个性和特长,激发学生爱好和兴趣,让学生生动活泼的健康成长。

  素质分为先天和后天的,先天的为基因,后天的靠教育。有人天生能说会道,有人表演出神入化,有人对某一行道特别钟情,有人手工制作超群绝伦,有人在这方面可能不太行,而在另一方面却非常突出。如“少女作家”张天天,尽管她的理科成绩不够理想,但她的文字和语言表达能力非常强,表现出极高的文学天赋。她8岁开始文学创作,9岁创作长篇儿童幻想小说《真心英雄》;17岁创作并出版了世界上第一部以玛雅文明为题材的长篇小说《玛雅王朝》;19岁创作了反映雷锋光辉形象、再现雷锋精神的长篇小说《雷锋之歌》。每个学生都有个性特长,重视学生个性发展,是素质教育的必然要求。先天的基因包括生理和心理素质,以及环境因素,在孩子的成长过程中,往往成为基础性素质,比如有生理缺陷的孩子的成长往往超出正常孩子的难度。而后天往往是起决定作用的因素。特别是良好的非智力因素,如意志、毅力,良好的学习和生活习惯,往往影响人的一辈子。

  然而,目前实施素质教育的阻力很大,难度很大,为什么?

  实施素质教育的难度在于:第一,教育者缺乏对素质教育的正确认识,有人甚至歪曲素质教育,认为素质教育就是带着孩子玩,就是不要智育,就是取消考试等等;二是教育观念还是停留在应试教育模式的水平上,认为升学率才是最重要的,追求升学率才是天经地义的,所以口里说素质教育,而实际干的还是应试教育;三是素质教育的确存在许多误区,人们还不太认识,比如说素质教育就是体音美,就是搞活动,不搞应试,于是有偏见和误解;四是升学考试压力太大,所以有人说高考中考不取消,素质教育难以实施;五是有人把素质教育复杂化,比如有高考改革方案素质化,结果更加繁琐和折腾,实际上把素质教育纳入应试教育的范畴。更加让人难以接受。

  诸如种种原因,所以推行素质教育遇到许多阻力,而最大的阻力来源于学校领导,实施不力,决心不大,或者阳奉阴违,仍是对应试教育感兴趣。于是对素质教育采取不研究,不探索,不实行的消极态度。

  其实,素质教育仍是以课堂教学为中心,以提高教育质量为目的,不同的是面向全体学生,促进学生德智体全面发展,切实减轻学生过重的课业负担,让学生身心愉快的生动活泼地健康成长。更重视学生的做人教育,生存教育,发展学生个性、特长、兴趣和爱好,不搞分数挂帅,不搞频繁考试,不搞填鸭式和灌输式,更重视启发式,创新思维和独立思考,把学生教育成有用的人才,而不是考试的机器或知识的奴隶。素质教育让义务教育更加普及化、基础化、通俗化、平民化、人格化。
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发表于 2019-8-13 14:12:28 | 显示全部楼层

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